Children's daily safety instructions ABC


There are many reasons why children are injured in traffic accidents, among which parents' lack of safety concept is an important reason. For example, many parents like to carry their children in the car, the danger of which is hard to imagine. If the car collides while driving at a speed of 48km / h, the 7kg child will have a force equivalent to a forward impact of 275kg, and the child will fly out like a bullet. In this case, no adult can hold the child.

If the car runs at a speed of 30km / h, when the car body is suddenly hit, the correct use of the child safety seat can effectively reduce the potential accident rate of children in car accidents by more than 70%.


What kind of injuries children may suffer while riding in the car.

Head and Neck: The head moves forward violently under the action of inertia during a collision, which can easily cause serious injuries to children's fragile head and cervical spine.

Chest: In the event of a collision, the chest is mainly subjected to acceleration injuries. In addition, if you use a seat belt, you will also be injured by the tightening force.

Abdomen: If the seat belt is used improperly (too high or too low), the child's abdomen will be very seriously injured.

A Choose a safe car

Choosing a safe car is a prerequisite for ensuring safe travel for children. In the event of a traffic accident, the protection of occupants in the vehicle is quite different between different models. Good car models can quickly dissipate the collision energy to minimize the impact of the occupants in the car, while poor car models make each occupant in the car suffer a very large impact. In addition, there are many accidents in which children are hit by cars while crossing the road, resulting in casualties, and the protection of children and pedestrians between different models is very different. So how can you choose a car that takes care of both inside and outside and provides more safety for children? The most scientific method is "counting stars". The NCAP test represented by C-NCAP and Euro NCAP provides the most scientific safety evaluation results for ordinary consumers in the form of stars. The higher the star rating, the better the safety of the models.

B select the appropriate security configuration

If you have children, or will have children, when buying a car, in addition to paying attention to the price, comfort configuration, etc., you should also pay attention to: whether there is a child lock on the rear door, whether the electric window has an anti-pinch function, and front airbag Is there a closing device? Are there any child safety seat anchoring systems, buckles, etc. that comply with ISOFIX system standards for the rear seats?

Choose the appropriate child safety seat according to the age of the child. Every child safety seat has an age group suitable for children, and an unsuitable child safety seat cannot provide the best protection. When choosing a child safety seat, be sure to choose products produced by regular manufacturers, and it is best to choose products that have passed safety certification. Low-quality counterfeit products can not only play a protective role, but may cause additional harm to children.

C children's ride location selection is very important

The general family car has two rows of seats. When installing a child safety seat, the middle of the rear row is the best choice. This is because the impact damage to this seat is minimal whether it is a frontal collision or a side collision. And for child occupants, this seat can maximize the avoidance of accidental injuries of front airbags, side airbags and air curtains. The second choice is the rear left and right positions, and finally the co-pilot position (if the co-pilot position is selected, the airbag must be turned off).

D Correct installation and use of child safety seats

Child safety seats for children under 1 year of age must be installed on the rear seat and facing backwards, which can effectively reduce the impact of the child's neck when starting and braking. Older children should also put the child safety seat on the rear seat when riding the car, but they can face forward and adjust the inclination of the safety seat to enable the child to sleep, rest, wake up, play, etc Both are comfortably protected.

For the child safety seats fixed by the ISOFIX device, it can be directly fixed to the ISOFIX device of the rear seat. For child safety seats fixed with adult seat belts, they should be installed in strict accordance with the requirements of the product manual. It is particularly important to remind that child safety seats that have had an accident cannot be used again.

E Use the booster pad correctly

After reaching a certain age and weight, children no longer need to use child safety seats, but because the wearing angle of adult seat belts can not meet the requirements of children's figure, this requires the use of special heightening pads for children. The child raising mat can raise the child to a suitable height, so that the adult seat belt can not cause additional damage to the child's abdomen and chest. Safety experts suggest: For children under 36kg or younger than 8 years old, they should use the booster pad correctly. In particular, it should be reminded that ordinary cushions cannot be used instead of special height-increasing cushions.

F Use child lock

Lively and active is the nature of children, they also like to touch and touch in the car. If the door is accidentally opened while driving, it will be very dangerous. Fortunately, some models are equipped with child locks, which can prevent the door from being opened from inside the car. Common child locks mainly have two forms: manual and electric. The manual form of the child lock is to use the ignition key to turn the control switch on the side of the door a quarter turn, or to set the lock button to the locked state. The child lock adopting the form of electric control is to turn on the ignition switch and press the special button to lock the rear door, so that the child cannot open the door from the inside.

The baby in M's stomach needs more care

For pregnant women with babies, whether you travel by car or walk across the road, you must pay special attention. The unborn baby is very fragile at this time, and an accident may cause serious harm to this small life. For expectant mothers, do n’t be afraid of strangling your stomach and oppressing your baby without wearing a seat belt. The well-known Volvo Car Company conducted a large number of safety studies on pregnant women and fetuses and concluded: "The correct use of seat belts for pregnant women can greatly reduce the risk of fetal injury." Because the car will inevitably bump or emergency brake when driving, pregnant women are not careful Hitting the dashboard will be more dangerous than ordinary people.

Pregnant women should ensure that the lower part of the seat belt is not tied to the abdomen when wearing the seat belt, but keep it as horizontally as possible under the abdomen, and confirm that the upper part of the seat belt should pass through the middle of the chest and tighten around the abdomen Do not put the upper part of the seat belt on the arm or back, because this does not guarantee the safety of pregnant women and fetuses.

Be careful when crossing the road

Statistics show that a large part of children's traffic accidents are caused by children's car collisions when crossing the road. Many children like to play on the road and lack awareness of the potential risks, so there is a high probability of collisions. Parents should guide children to develop the habit of crossing the road correctly. Not only should children be allowed to abide by the traffic laws of "red light stop, green light", but also children should observe more complicated road conditions. If there is a flyover, you must cross the flyover instead of crossing the road. Traffic safety experts also recommend that parents do not allow children under the age of 10 to cross the road alone, and try to let children wear bright clothes to cross the road.

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